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Linux中使用selenium

安装linux版chrome

centos

wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm

yum install google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm

安装相关库

yum install mesa-libOSMesa-devel gnu-free-sans-fonts wqy-zenhei-fonts

ubuntu

wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.debsudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

安装报错

dpkg: error processing package google-chrome-stable (--install): dependency problems - leaving unconfigured Processing triggers for mime-support (3.64ubuntu1) ... Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.1-1) ... Errors were encountered while processing: google-chrome-stable

使用sudo apt-get install -f修复依赖关系,

如果系统中有某个软件包不满足依赖条件,这个命令就会自动修复,将要安装那个软件包依赖的软件包。

安装chromedriver

淘宝源地址:http://npm.taobao.org/mirrors/chromedriver/

需要根据不同版本的chrome进行选择下载,比如我安装的chrome是96版本的,那么chromedriver就需要找对应的96版本

image-20220104161559216

这里选择一个最近更新的即可

image-20220104161718088

这里下载linux版本,下载后解压,把解压后的chromedriver可执行文件移动到path下,例如/usr/bin

bash
wget http://npm.taobao.org/mirrors/chromedriver/96.0.4664.45/chromedriver_linux64.zip

unzip chromedriver_linux64.zip

mv chromedriver /usr/bin

chmod +x /usr/bin/chromedriver
wget http://npm.taobao.org/mirrors/chromedriver/96.0.4664.45/chromedriver_linux64.zip

unzip chromedriver_linux64.zip

mv chromedriver /usr/bin

chmod +x /usr/bin/chromedriver

使用python测试

linux下无头浏览器模式:

python
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options

chrome_options = Options()
chrome_options.add_argument('--headless')
chrome_options.add_argument('--no-sandbox')
chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-gpu')
chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-dev-shm-usage')
driver